By default, most of the hardware is already supported by Windows Vista (Windows Vista contains 20.000+ drivers, which is more then earlier Windows versions). That's why your older hardware will probably be detected automatically. If there are still unknown devices after installing Windows Vista, first run Windows Update for additional device drivers. However, always install the latest available device drivers for Windows Vista for the appropriate functioning of the hardware.
The Device Manager and the installed device drivers
The Device Manager (available in the Control Panel) shows the detected devices and the installed device drivers. The items with a yellow exclamation mark are the unknown devices, which need a device driver to function, which can be downloaded from the website of the manufacturer (or on one of the CD's belonging to the computer). Check the website of the manufacturer for an update of the device drivers, even if Windows has recognized the device by default. Most downloaded drivers will install automatically by running a setup procedure and reboot the computer. If this is not the case, the manual will explain how to install the drivers.
Track unknown hardware with CPU-Z
If it's not clear which device drivers need to be installed for the motherboard? In most cases, the information stored in the BIOS can be of help by tracking the exact type of motherboard and the therefore needed device drivers. To find out the type of motherboard, the free tools CPU-Z (download: www.cpuid.com/cpuz.php) and PC Wizard (download: www.cpuid.com/pcwizard.php) are very usable. CPU-Z shows quickly the type of processor, motherboard and RAM-memory, and PC Wizard shows a list of all the devices. This information is of great help to search the internet for the device drivers of still unknown hardware.
Limit the number if tray icons
Many programs and drivers place an icon in the system tray. In most cases they are unnecessarily filling the available space, especially when the icon is rarely used. In that case, it is better to remove the shortcut from the system tray. Frequently, this can be done at setup (the option is recognized by something like (system) tray-icon) or just by right clicking the icon in the system tray and to search for an option to disable it.
THE USE OF WINDOWS XP-DRIVERS
For older hardware, there are not always Windows Vista drives available. In some cases, this can be solved by installing the Windows XP drivers. The message that the driver has not been signed by Microsoft for Windows Vista can be ignored.
RESTORING THE PREVIOUS DEVICE DRIVER
Installing a new device driver is not risk free and new device drivers do not always function better. In those cases, the previous driver can always be restored by right clicking the device in the Device Manager and to select Properties, tab Driver, button Roll Back Driver. If the computer continuously restarts it is not possible to roll back the device driver. This circle can be broken by pressing F8 at the beginning of the boot process and to select Disable automatic restart on system failure.
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